India is amongst the top three producers in the world of: rice, wheat,
liquid milk, poultry products, fruits and vegetables, coconut, tea,
spices, marine and fresh water products including fish and shrimp.
Currently grain production alone is over 200 million tonnes; however
it is estimated that India will need to import over 40 million tonnes
of food grains by 2020 to feed its growing population.
Agriculture sector provides 25% of GDP, 64% employment, and accounts
for 18% of India’s exports. 7% of raw agri produce is value added.
Indian agriculture is also seen to have tremendous potential to be
able to supply a growing world market for fresh produce including
vegetables, tropical fruits, flowers, herbal products for cosmetic and
pharmaceutical use, nutraceuticals products based on plants etc. 30%
of India's agriculture relies on traditional methods of farming, thus
the potential for organic produce exports to the developing countries
is very high.
As a substantial contributor to the Indian economy, and since 70% of
the population is dependent on agriculture in one form or the other,
agribusiness and food processing sectors in India are being given
substantial support by industry and government. Infrastructure
facilities for processing agriculture products in Food Parks and
Agriculture / herbal produce Parks in designated regions have been
provided. Major thrust of all these initiatives is to tap the growing
world demand. As a result modern concepts of agri processing
including: post harvest management, cold storage, warehousing, bulk
grain storage, handling and transportation; packaging, irradiation,
modern abattoirs, meat and poultry hygiene, cold chain etc are all